a) Government (PRs)
1) National TB Program: www.ntp.gov.bd
2) NASP: National AIDS Std Program
3) National Malaria Control Program: www.nmcp.gov.bd
b) Non-Government PRs
Our aim is to reduce the spread and impact of HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh, particularly among vulnerable and marginalised groups.
Although Bangladesh is a low HIV-prevalence country, it is important that prevention efforts are maintained to limit further spread of the virus. Certain key populations, such as people who inject drugs, show a significantly higher prevalence of HIV, while other groups, including men who have sex with men, female sex workers and transgender individuals, are highly vulnerable and important targets for interventions.
Our key aim is to support government efforts to control the spread of HIV and AIDS. This includes the development of nationwide surveillance systems, as well as molecular epidemiological studies to understand HIV transmission within Bangladesh and introductions of strains from other countries.
We have long-standing programmes of work with vulnerable communities, and are a principal recipient of a large grant from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria to improve access of such groups to HIV prevention services. We also evaluate HIV control interventions, provide training in counselling, and carry out clinical studies on the impact of HIV infection.
BCCM Draft Concept Note September 2014(Concept note Link should be given from our website)
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major public health problems in Bangladesh and its neighbouring countries for decades. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Bangladesh ranks seventh among the 22 highest TB-burdened countries. Government, Donor Agencies and NGOs came forward to combat the control of TB.
BRAC considered tuberculosis control work as early as 1984 and in 1994 BRAC became the first NGO in the country to sign a MOU with the government of Bangladesh to expand directly observed treatment short course (DOTS) services across the country.
BRAC also became a principle recipient (PR) of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM), along with the government. The aim of the programme is to reduce the morbidity, mortality and transmission of TB to eliminate its presence as a public health problem.
According to The Bangladesh Today, ‘In 2014 one lakh 91 thousand and 155 patients have been diagnosed with tuberculosis under the National TB Control Programme in the country. In 2013 the success rate of TB treatment was 94 per cent in Bangladesh.’
BRAC has been rigorously combating malaria in malaria prone areas of Bangladesh such as the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Since 1998, the programme has spread to cover 13 districts and now identifies 98% of cases identified in Bangladesh. Our malaria pilot programme enables BRAC to provide early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and also wide distribution of insecticide treated mosquito nets.
3) Save the Children:
HIV AND AIDS
Save the Children is in a leading role in the HIV & AIDS national response in Bangladesh, with the funding supports from the Global Fund since 2004. With the aim to contribute to the National Strategic Plan and MDG-6, together with the government of Bangladesh, we are currently working with 26 implementing partners in 64 districts to limit the spread of HIV infection among the most at risk populations namely people who inject drugs (PWID); female sex workers (FSWs); people living with HIV (PLHIV) to avert the epidemic. The program increases its scale over time and now covering 57% of the total PWID and 39% of total FSWs according to the national size estimation, 2009. Seven hundred PLHIV (men, women and children) are receiving treatment (ART), care & supports for their survival and to lead quality life. By 2015, approximately 36 million young people will be reached nationwide through media campaign, class room education (formal and informal), life skill education, youth friendly health services, and work place intervention at garment factories. A large number of stakeholders ranging from policy makers; government officials; community leaders; religious leaders; health service providers; teachers and parents were sensitized and advocated to create enabling environment and adopt policies to support HIV prevention. One of the most sustainable results accomplished through our program is the insertion of HIV & AIDS information into the national textbooks of grade VI to XII. Through the program, significant behavioral changes also been documented among the PWID and FSWs.